types of tea
Just what you need
after wake up
hot, black, strong
Without sugar it is for people who don't ask for a sweet wake up. Black tea is the most drunk tea in West, especially during the morning. it's the tea which contains the highest quantity of theine (and this also makes it, along with coffee, the first choice for students) and so it's perfect to wake up our brains. moreover it contains a good quantity of flavonoids, which are antioxidants that help our body to stay in good health.
What people normally don't know about black tea, is that many many kinds of black tea exist; not only the english breakfast that is served at the café. A funny thing is that the english breakfast, usually, is a blend of different types of black tea! (if you don't believe me, read the ingredients written on the rear part of the sachets). For example: the english breakfast by twinings is a blend of Assam, Ceylon and darjelling. Other brands may use only ceylon or assam or both... it depends.
Of course not every type of black tea is suitable for breakfast: there are some which are stronger than others. Assam and ceylon are very good teas for breakfast, while darjelling or keemun are better for mid-morning/afternoon.
These are just 4 varieties of black tea, but there are more than one hundred in existance!
How is it made?
First of all, the plant from which all the varieties of tea are made is always the same: Camellia Sinensis. What changes is the leaf processing.
In order to make black tea, the following steps have to be done:
after the leaf picking, they must be dried
after that, the leaves are rolled to themselves and then are dried again and finally macerated
the fermentation follows, which consists in "cooking" the leaf at 30° for a minimum of 30 minutes up to 2 hours
finally a last drying is required in order to destroy some enzymes, which stop the fermentation process, stabilizing the tea
Pure black tea isn't the only way in order to taste it: flavoured versions of black tea are common.
There are many many flavours that can be added to it, giving to this tea a new dimension.